Curvilinear one-dimensional antiferromagnets

Antiferromagnets host exotic quasiparticles, support high frequency excitations and are key enablers of the prospective spintronic and spin−orbitronic technologies. Here, we propose a concept of a curvilinear antiferromagnetism where material responses can be tailored by a geometrical curvature without the need to adjust material parameters. We show that an intrinsically…

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Curvature effects on phase transitions in chiral magnets

Periodical equilibrium states of magnetization exist in chiral ferromagnetic films, if the constant of antisymmetric exchange (Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction) exceeds some critical value. Here, we demonstrate that this critical value can be significantly modified in curved film. The competition between symmetric and antisymmetric exchange interactions in a curved film can lead…

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The 2020 magnetism roadmap

As a collective effort of leading experts from 10 different countries, the 2020 Magnetism Roadmap, which is an Open Access article, is intended to provide a reference point and guide to the interested community on relevant and emerging research directions in modern magnetism. The article consists of 14 sections, each…

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Effect of curvature on the eigenstates of magnetic skyrmions

Spectrum of spin eigenmodes localized on a ferromagnetic skyrmion pinned by a geometrical defect (bump) of magnetic films is studied theoretically. By means of direct numerical solution of the corresponding eigenvalue problem and finite element micromagnetic simulations we demonstrate that the curvature can induce localized modes with higher azimuthal and…

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Micromagnetic Theory of Curvilinear Ferromagnetic Shells

The concept of curvature and chirality in space and time are foundational for the understanding of the organic life and formation of matter in the Universe. Chiral interactions but also curvature effects are tacitly accepted to be local. A prototypical condensed matter example is a local spin-orbit- or curvature-induced Rashba…

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Unidirectional tilt of domain walls in equilibrium in biaxial stripes with Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction

The orientation of a chiral magnetic domain wall in a racetrack determines its dynamical properties. In equilibrium, magnetic domain walls are expected to be oriented perpendicular to the stripe axis. We demonstrate the appearance of a unidirectional domain wall tilt in out-of-plane magnetized stripes with biaxial anisotropy and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction…

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Domain wall diode based on functionally graded Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

Domain wall diode

We present a general approach for studying the dynamics of domain walls in biaxial ferromagnetic stripes with functionally graded Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (DMI). By engineering the spatial profile of the DMI parameter, we propose the concept of a diode, which implements the filtering of domain walls of a certain topological charge…

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Spontaneous deformation of flexible ferromagnetic ribbons induced by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

Here, we predict the effect of the spontaneous deformation of a flexible ferromagnetic ribbon induced by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). The geometrical form of the deformation is determined both by the type of DMI and by the equilibrium magnetization of the stripe. We found three different geometrical phases, namely, (i) the…

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Spin eigenexcitations of an antiferromagnetic skyrmion

We study spin eigenexcitation of a skyrmion in a collinear uniaxial antiferromagnet by means of analytical and numerical methods. We found a discrete spectrum of modes which are localized on the skyrmion. Based on a qualitatively different dependence of the mode eigenfrequencies on the skyrmion radius R0, we divided all…

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Curvature induced magnonic crystal in nanowires

A new type of magnonic crystals, curvature induced ones, is realized in ferromagnetic nanowires with periodically deformed shape. A magnon band structure of such crystal is fully determined by its curvature: the developed theory is well confirmed by simulations. An application to nanoscale spintronic devises with the geometrically tunable parameters…

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