Interaction of Domain Walls with Grain Boundaries in Uniaxial Insulating Antiferromagnets

A search for high-speed and low-energy memory devices puts antiferromagnetic thin films at the forefront of spintronic research. Here, we develop a material model of a granular antiferromagnetic thin film with uniaxial anisotropy and provide fundamental insight into the interaction of antiferromagnetic domain walls with grain boundaries. This model is…

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Control of magnetic response in curved stripes by tailoring the cross section

Curved magnetic architectures are key enablers of prospective magnetic devices with respect to size, functionality, and speed. By exploring geometry-governed magnetic interactions, curvilinear magnetism offers a number of intriguing effects in curved magnetic wires and curved magnetic films. The applicability of the current micromagnetic theory requires that the sample has…

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Chirality coupling in topological magnetic textures with multiple magnetochiral parameters

Chiral effects originate from the lack of inversion symmetry within the lattice unit cell or sample’s shape. Being mapped onto magnetic ordering, chirality enables topologically non-trivial textures with a given handedness. Here, we demonstrate the existence of a static 3D texture characterized by two magnetochiral parameters being magnetic helicity of…

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Curvilinear Micromagnetism: From Fundamentals to Applications

This book covers the theory of curvilinear micromagnetism as well as experimental study of curved magnets including both fabrication and characterization About: Zach Evenson “Magnetism Ahead of the Curve” Publication: Curvilinear Micromagnetism From Fundamentals to Applications, Denys Makarov, Denis D. Sheka (Editors), Part of the book series: Topics in Applied…

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Field-induced spin reorientation transitions in antiferromagnetic ring-shaped spin chains

Easy axis antiferromagnets are robust against external magnetic fields of moderate strength. Spin reorientations in strong fields can provide insight into more subtle properties of antiferromagnetic materials, which are often hidden by their high ground-state symmetry. Here, we investigate theoretically effects of curvature in ring-shaped antiferromagnetic achiral anisotropic spin chains…

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Circular stripe domains

Vertically stacked exchange coupled magnetic heterostructures of cylindrical geometry can host complex noncolinear magnetization patterns. By tuning the interlayer exchange coupling between a layer accommodating magnetic vortex state and an out-of-plane magnetized layer, one can efficiently realize new topological chiral textures such as cone state vortices and circular stripe domains.…

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A perspective on curvilinear magnetism

By exploring geometry-governed magnetic interactions, curvilinear magnetism offers a number of intriguing effects in curved magnetic wires and curved magnetic films. Recent advances in experimental techniques change the status of curvilinear magnetism, allowing the exploitation of 3D curved nanomagnets in emerging devices with numerous applications. Here, we provide our Perspective…

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The 2020 magnetism roadmap

As a collective effort of leading experts from 10 different countries, the 2020 Magnetism Roadmap, which is an Open Access article, is intended to provide a reference point and guide to the interested community on relevant and emerging research directions in modern magnetism. The article consists of 14 sections, each…

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Effect of curvature on the eigenstates of magnetic skyrmions

Spectrum of spin eigenmodes localized on a ferromagnetic skyrmion pinned by a geometrical defect (bump) of magnetic films is studied theoretically. By means of direct numerical solution of the corresponding eigenvalue problem and finite element micromagnetic simulations we demonstrate that the curvature can induce localized modes with higher azimuthal and…

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