Out-of-surface vortices in spherical shells

We show that the curvature of the underlying surface leads to a coupling between the localized out-of-surface component of the vortex with its delocalized in-surface structure, i.e., polarity-chirality coupling.

Phys. Rev. B 85, 144433 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.144433PDF.

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