Nowadays there is a growing interest in studying of topological structures in curved magnetic objects such as magnetic nanowires and nanoshells. We develop an approach to treat magnetic energy of a ferromagnet for arbitrary curved wires and shells on the assumption that the anisotropy contribution greatly exceeds the dipolar and other weak interactions. We show that the curvature induces two effective magnetic interactions: effective magnetic anisotropy and an effective Dzyaloshinskii-like interaction. We derive an equation of magnetization dynamics and propose a general static solution for the limit case of strong anisotropy. To illustrate our approach, we consider the magnetization structure in a ring wire and a cone surface: ground states in both systems essentially depend on the curvature, excluding strictly tangential solutions for a cone surface even in the case of strong anisotropy. We derive also the spectrum of spin waves in such systems.
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 48 , 125202 (2015), PDF.